Pre- and Post-op Rehabilitation – Uses and Benefits
Injuries that require surgical operations can heal faster and better when physiotherapy is involved. Pre-rehabilitation requires getting motion range and strength in the spot operated and in the surrounding area. This is done for a quick recovery after surgical operations. On the other hand, post-rehabilitation involves the rehabilitation stages from surgical operations.
Physical therapy is aimed at recovery after orthopaedic surgery. Surgeries may include on the hands, hips, neck, and lots more. While many people are familiar with pre-and post-operative rehabilitation, such as the promotion of pain reduction and more, not many people understand the benefits that lie in the program.
What makes these two rehabilitation processes?
When it comes to Pre-rehabilitation, regular treatment from physiotherapists is involved, including massaging the after part of its surrounding. The massaging helps in keeping the muscle supple. Additionally, movement of the joints is achieved by mobilisations, and acupuncture helps in managing pain. A nonstop program of stretching and strengthening at home or with a therapist and introduction to certain fitness excerpt is all that makes the Pre-rehabilitation process after surgical operations.
The pre-operative rehabilitation goals
- Metal preparation for surgical operations
- Inflammation and pain reduction
- Motion range restoration
- Having a good idea about the benefits of post-surgery exercise
- Movement normalisation pattern before surgical operations
- Fitness and general well-being improvement
- Injured joint, muscular control improvement
Pre-rehabilitation consists of all these processes, however, in a monitored progression. This process also requires communication between the therapist and the surgeon to know the appropriate advice to give to the patient for quick recovery at the required time frame. Physical therapists design Pre-operative rehabilitation to help prepare an individual before surgical operations. It is primarily so that you can have a great outcome after surgical operations. Physical therapy greatly influences regaining motion and strength, including the return to daily tasks.
Regaining normal strength in the body may be difficult without certain therapy. Physical therapists understand what it means to train individuals for regaining strength and motion. It does not only help to prevent injuries from reoccurring again but also to help recover quickly. Optimal healing can be quickly achieved if physical therapists provide an individual with certain guidelines to follow.
What is comprised of post-operative rehabilitation treatment?
Post-operative rehabilitation helps to concentrate on certain issues after surgery. Physiotherapy concentrates on
- Instructions on exercise to carry out at home
- Self-care training
- Functional loss compensation
- Coordination in training, posture, and balance
- Analysis on gait and training
- Muscle improvement and strengthening exercises
- Improvement of motion range through flexible exercise
- Strategies on manual therapy
- Pain reduction techniques
- Restoration of normal daily habits and pattern of movement
A physical therapist will evaluate the patients to help them to set goals for minimising the negative effects of surgical operations, such as discomfort or swelling. The evaluation will also help in restoring how the patient normally moves, flexibility, and functionality.
By working together with the therapist, the patient will learn to establish functional goals connected to the resumption of daily tasks. It will also include the prevention of injury reoccurrence. At this point, the physical therapist will develop an exercise program tailored to certain needs of the patient.
Physical therapy comes in various stages. The first phase of the therapy comes after the surgery. This is when the body part can immobilise while all discomfort subsides. The next phase after this is a series of nonstop exercises, which may be challenging at times. They help to restore a patient’s stability, motion range, and strength. Finally, physical therapy aims at helping the patient return to a pre-injury level of activity.