Prevention of Osteoarthritis

Arthritis is a term that points to joint pain or joint illness. Some arthritis is preventable using changing the lifestyle, exercise, and diet.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most well-known type of arthritis, influencing more than 30 million individuals in the United States. OA is one of the main reasons for disability around the world. It is also known as degenerative joint disease or wear and tear arthritis. The main area OA affects is the hands, hips, and knees and the cartilage starts to separate.

Moreover, the bones rub together because of less cartilage, which leads to stiffness and pain. OA can likewise cause swelling and bring about incapacity. Joint injury and genetics are risk factors for OA.

Diet recommendation for Osteoarthritis:

  • A nutritious and balanced diet will give the body the instruments to forestall further harm to the joints, which is fundamental for individuals with Osteoarthritis.
  • Individuals with Osteoarthritis are bound to have high blood cholesterol, and decreasing cholesterol might help with the risk factor.
  • Being overweight can come down on the joints, and an abundance of fat stores in the body can create additional aggravation. Keeping a healthy weight can reduce the side effects of Osteoarthritis.
  • A decent eating routine ought to incorporate food components of a person to forestall Osteoarthritis.
  • Healthy omega-3 unsaturated fats are found in oily fish. These polyunsaturated fats have anti-inflammatory properties.
  • High degrees of oleocanthal are found in extra virgin olive oil, which might have comparative properties to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines. Avocado and safflower oils are refreshing choices and may likewise assist with bringing down cholesterol.
  • Milk, yoghurt, and cheddar are plentiful in calcium and vitamin D. These supplements increment bone strength that would work on symptom elevation.
  • Vitamin D, stress-battling phytochemicals, and cancer prevention agents are abundant in green dietary options. Vitamin D is fundamental for calcium assimilation, and that, in turn, supports immunity.
  • Sulforaphane is present in broccoli that educators believe could slow the movement of Osteoarthritis. Moreover, the vegetable is plentiful in nutrients K and C and bone-reinforcing calcium.
  • Polyphenols are cancer prevention agents that lessen irritation and slow the pace of cartilage damage. Polyphenols are plentiful in green tea.
  • Diallyl disulfide present in garlic might neutralise the body’s chemicals that negatively affect cartilage.
  • Nuts are appropriate for the heart and have high magnesium, calcium, zinc, fibre, and vitamin E. They likewise contain alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), helping immunity.

Exercise to prevent Osteoarthritis:

  • Exercise includes walking, performing house chores, or playing with pets and children. Consistency will provide improved and efficient results. A professional should set the difficulty level of the activities according to age, gender, and fitness level.
  • High-impact cardio works out and incorporates swimming, running, walking, and trekking. It gets the heart beating and develops stamina. It works on fitness and can help trim off a portion of the pounds.
  • Stretching, yoga, and Pilates are practices that keep the joints flexible for their movement, forestall stiffness, and decrease injury risk.
  • Utilising elastic bands, lifting loads, and working on bodyweight fortifies the muscles that help joints.
  • Judo, Tai chi, adjusting on one leg, and walking on heelwork on the equilibrium and stance. Assuming leg joints are a little unsteady; these activities can assist with the prevention of falls.

Food varieties and supplements work on the symptoms of Osteoarthritis. It is done by fighting against inflammation that is done by nutrients. That helps by helping bone structure, immune system, and muscles. Exercise and diet are critical variables in forestalling OA. An individual should add a low-fat, anti-inflammatory diet wealthy in omega-3 unsaturated fats. They ought to keep joints active with exercise and maintain a moderate weight.


Barrell, A. (2020, January 28). Osteoarthritis diet: 8 foods to eat and 3 to avoid. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322603#takeaway

Dunkin, M. A. (2020, October 17). Osteoarthritis (OA) prevention: Healthy Weight, exercise, & more. WebMD. https://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/osteoarthritis-prevention-1

Eustice, C. (2020, November 12). How to make diet and exercise work in managing osteoarthritis. Verywell Health. https://www.verywellhealth.com/managing-osteoarthritis-oa-with-diet-and-exercise-2552161

Team, H. E. (2017, December 15). How to prevent osteoarthritis (OA) with lifestyle changes. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/osteoarthritis-prevention

Veazey, K. (2021, August 22). Arthritis prevention: Diet, exercise, weight, and more. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/arthritis-prevention#weight

Watson, S. (2021, November 29). 9 ways to prevent arthritis, from exercise to Ergonomics. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/arthritis-prevention#get-ergonomic

* Contact Reach Physiotherapy for a list of references used for this blog content.